was a Polish and French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize as well as the first woman to be a professor at the University of Paris.
was an English chemist and X-ray crystallographer who made contributions to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), RNA (ribonucleic acid) and viruses, among other discoveries.
was an American scientist and cytogeneticist who was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. She produced the first genetic map for maize, linking regions of the chromosome to physical traits.
was a German-born American theoretical physicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus.
is a Chinese pharmaceutical chemist who discovered a cure to malaria, which had previously been resistant to quinine and other medicines. She won the Nobel Prize in 2015.
was an American biochemist and pharmacologist who shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with George H. Hitchings and Sir James Black.
was a French scientist and the daughter of Marie and Pierre Curie.
was an Austrian and American film actress who helped develop a radio guidance system for Allied torpedoes.
was an Austrian-Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics.
was a British biochemist who developed protein crystallography, for which she won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964.
was an African-American chemist who studied cholesterol and heart attacks.
is a primatologist, ethologist and anthropologist considered to be the world’s foremost expert on chimpanzees.
is an African-American physicist and mathematician who worked on early computers at NASA, and received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2015.
was a mathematician who worked for NASA and became the first African-American woman to supervise a staff at West Area Computers center.
was an African-American mathematician and aerospace engineer at NASA, and became NASA’s first black female engineer.